1792 – The Postal Service Act, establishing the United States Post Office Department, is signed by President George Washington.
1816 – Gioachino Rossini’s The Barber of Seville debuts at Teatro Argentina, with a fiasco.
1892 – The reviewer for the London Times writes about the previous night’s premiere of Oscar Wilde’s Lady Windemere’s Fan, complaining that all the characters talked just like Oscar Wilde
1893 – Russel Crouse, American playwright (d. 1966)
1895 – Frederick Douglass is born Tuckahoe MD (d 1817)
1902 – Ansel Adams, American photographer (d. 1984)
1912 – Pierre Boulle, French author (d. 1994)
1926 – Richard Matheson, American author
1934 – Gertrude Stein returns to the U.S. to attend the New York opening of Virgil Thomson’s opera Four Saints in Three Acts, for which she wrote the libretto. One critic said that the only accurate word in the title is “in.” It contains the aria, “Pigeons on the grass, alas!”
1935 – Ellen Gilchrist is born
1950 – Welsh poet Dylan Thomas started a reading tour of the United States.