1817 – James T Fields is born in Portsmouth NH. At seventeen Fields apprenticed at the Old Corner Bookstore and began writing for newspapers. He was invited to join a major publishing firm, that became Ticknor and Fields, and was the foremost publisher of the literature in mid-nineteenth century America. Among the eminent authors he published were: Henry David Thoreau, Charles Dickens, George Eliot, Alfred Tennyson, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Thomas De Quincy, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Oliver Wendell Holmes, John Greenleaf Whittier, Harriet Beecher Stowe and Bret Harte. He succeeded James Russell Lowell as editor of the Atlantic Monthly.