1820 – Thirteen year old Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s first poem, The Battle of Lovell’s Pond is published in the Portland ME Gazette
1855 – Attempting to avoid an outbreak of Thomas Carlyle’s violent temper, Jane Carlyle goes along to the Income Tax Commissioners and asks for a lower assessment of her husband’s literary earnings. The Collected Letters of Thomas and Jane Welsh Carlyle
1855 – Leo Tolstoy and Ivan Turgenev meet, beginning an often tempestuous relationship.
1895 – Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure of Bruce Partington Plans
1910 – Count Leo Tolstoy died in a Russian train station, in the station master’s office. His character Anna Karenina died in a railway accident at a similar station.
1920 – Karel Capek’s Vec Makropulos, premieres in Prague.
smaller world • Pressure from amazon.com and other online sites was forcing Australian bookstores to develop a strong online presence, Dymocks opening 200,000 books site.
obit of note • Nicholas Proffitt at 63, a Newsweek war correspondent and author of the semiautobiographical Vietnam War novel Gardens of Stone.